Macam macam format audio dan penjelasannya | LiteTeknoID

Macam macam format audio dan penjelasannya

Audio merupakan merupakan suatu getaran yang berasal dari suatu benda. Audio juga memilki jenis nya tersendiri dan digunakan untuk bermacam – macam perangkat elektronik. Selain dari jenis – jenis tersebut audio yang sering kamu dengar dan kamu gunakan pasti MP3, dan kamu pasti menganggap format ini sudah sangat bagus untuk mendengarkan musik.

Apa kamu tau MP3 merupakan format audio yang sudah di Kompress sedemikian rupa menjadi lebih kecil format nya, jadi masih banyak format yang lebih baik dari MP3 dan bahkan beberapa di antaranya digunakan untuk film – film besar, apa aja itu simak berikut ini.

1. AAC (Advanced Audio Coding)

format audio paling bagus
AAC (Advanced Audio Coding)

AAC merupakan file yang masih berbasis MPEG2 dan MPEG4. AAC memiliki sifat Lossy Compression dimana kamu tidak akan bisa mengembalikan file dengan jenis format ini, ke bentuk semula lagi. Karena setelah di kompresi terdapat beberapa data hilang dari file tersebut.

Motion Picture Expert Group adalah pengembang dari format ini. File ini memiliki kecepatan 128 kbps , sudah cukup baik digunakan untuk mendengarkan musik. AAC diciptakan sebagai audio Codec yang menyempurnakan MP3.

Kelebihan Kekurangan
Memiliki suara yang bagus jika dibawah 16Hz File yang udah di compress ,tidak bisa dikembalikan ke bentuk semula
Memiliki 48 channel Lisensi nya berbayar
Sample ratenya antara 8 Hz – 96 kHz  
  • Extensi : m4a, .m4b, .m4p, .m4v, .m4r, .3gp, .mp4, .aac

2. FLAC

format audio paling bagus
FLAC

Jenis format ini di kategorikan jenis audio Lossless dan udah banyak juga yang menggunakannya, FLAC tidak terlalu buruk untuk kualitasnya, karena cuman sedikit kualitas yang menurun saat kompresi file ke jenis format ini.

Kelebihan Kekurangan
Kompresi yang dihasilkan ke jenis format ini tidak terlalu beda jauh dengan format aslinya Cukup membebani dari mp3, karena memiliki space yang lebih besar
Lisensinya gratis Data hasil kompresi kapasitasnya menjadi semakin besar
  • Extensi : m4a, .m4b, .m4p, .m4v, .m4r, .3gp, .mp4, .aac
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3. WAV (WAVE-form)

format audio paling bagus
WAV (WAVE-form)

Wav merupakan jenis format yang paling popular dan paling di gandrungi untuk kalangan professional. Karena jenis format ini tidak mengalami penurunan kualitas sama sekali dari rekaman aslinya. Selain itu format akan memenuhi harddisk kamu karena setiap satu menitnya akan menghabiskan space 10MB.

  • Extensi : .wav atau .wv
Kelebihan Kekurangan
Pilihan terbaik untuk mengedit audio dengan kualitas high-fidelity Ukuran File sangat besar
File tidak akan terkompresi untuk format WAV Maksimal ukuran nya 2GB

4. MPEG Layer 3 (MP3)

format audio paling bagus
MPEG Layer 3 (MP3)

MP3 merupakan format kompresi yang sudah sangat baik untuk digunakan sehari -hari. Selain menawarkan pilihan bitrate sekitar 128, 160, 192, 256, 320 kbps. Format ini memiliki size yang begitu kecil. Tidak heran untuk musik 3menit hanya sekitar 3MB, tidak heran kalau ada orang yang menyimpan musik sampai ribuan file dalam format MP3. Kamu juga pasti termasuk kolektor  lagu dengan format MP3 ya?

  • Extensi : mp3
Kelebihan Kekurangan
Kualitas sama baiknya dengan format CD 16-bit Maksimal bitrates 320 kbps
  Kualitas berkurang saat di kompresi

5. AIFF ( Audio Interchange File Format )

format audio paling bagus
AIFF ( Audio Interchange File Format )

AIFF biasanya digunakan untuk meyimpan data suara untuk komputer dan perangkat audio lainnya. Standar dari file ini adalah Uncompressed code pulse-modulation ( PCM ) , dan terdapat jenis lainnya seperti AIFF AIFF-C atau aifc. Dan format ini merupakan standar dari Macinstosh.

  • Extensi : aif .aifc or .aiff
Kelebihan Kekurangan
Suara yang dihasilkan sudah bagus Hanya bisa di putar di Mac OS
  Memiliki ukuran yang besar

6. WMA ( Window Media Audio )

format audio paling bagus
WMA ( Window Media Audio )

WMA merupakan format yang ditawarkan secara default oleh windows pada program Windows Media Player. Dan hanya bisa digunakan khusus pengguna windows. WMA juga tidak melakukan kompresi file dengan baik, jadi file yang dihasilkan tidak terlalu beda dengan file aslinya, pastinya ukuran file yang menggunakan format ini cukup besar.

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Kelebihan Kekurangan
Bisa digunakan di media player lain Memiliki ukuran yang cukup besar
Memiliki dukungan  terhadap Digital Right Management sehingga terhindar dari pembajakan  
  • Extensi : .wma

7. Ogg dan Ogg Vorbis

format audio paling bagus
Ogg dan Ogg Vorbis

Ini merupakan format gratisan yang dirancang untuk streaming dan penyimpanan yang efisien. Walau gratis format ini tidak banyak yang menggunakannya, selain itu dukungan untuk format ini masih sedikit , dan yang mendukung format ini yang paling terkenal yaitu winamp.

  • Extensi : .ogg
Kelebihan Kekurangan
Merupakan codec audio gratisan masih sedikit player yang mendukung format ini
Mengehemat penyimpanan memori karena kapaitas rendah Audio OGG melalui proses kompresi suara sehingga kualitasnya tidak terlalu bagus

8. ALAC (Apple Lossess Audio Codec )

format audio paling bagus
ALAC (Apple Lossess Audio Codec )

ALAC atau yang biasa dikenal dengan Apple Lossless ini bersifat Open Source dan sangat baik digunakan untuk kepentingan Transfer Data Audio karena teknologi compresi nya meminimalisir ukuran file tanpa mengubah kualitas suara itu sendiri

  • Extensi : .alac
Kelebihan Kekurangan
Kompresi nya tidak merusak kualitas Tidak semua perangkat kompatibel
Merupakan Codec audio Gratisan Biasanya membutuhkan aplikasi dari pihak ke 3 untuk digunakan pada perangkat selain Apple

9. PCM ( Pulse-Code Modulation ) format audio

format audio paling bagus
PCM ( Pulse-Code Modulation ) format audio

PCM Raw Data merupakan format audio yang sangat sederhana dan merupakan foermat file yang sama sekali tidak dikompresi. Dan merupakan format Standar Audio CD yang berati memiliki ukuran file yang cukup besar.

  • Extensi : .pcm
Kelebihan Kekurangan
bisa digunakan untuk format CD Audio Karena sifatnya yang tidak terkompresi maka memiliki ukuran file yang cukup besar jika dibandingkan dengan MP3

10. MIDI

format audio paling bagus
MIDI

Format ini  merupakan standar yang dibuat oleh perusahaan alat alat music electronic berupa serangkaian spesifikasi agar berbagai instrument dapat berkomunikasi. Sehingga perangkat elektonik seperti Keyboard dan Computer dapat melakukan sinkronisasi satu sama lain.

  • Extensi : Mid,MIDI
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Kelebihan Kekurangan
Jenis instrumen music bisa diubah sesukanya tanpa harus merekam ulang data Kualitas suara instrument musiknya tergantung dari soundcard/ instrument MIDi yang dipakai
Ukuran file ny sangat kecil (5 menit full lagu orchestra ukurannya hanya 50 Kb saja) Efek MIDI yang tersedia maih sedikit dibandingakan MP3
Tidak membutuhkan spesifikasi yang powerfull  

Kesimpulan

Terdapat banyak sekali format audio yang sudah ada, namun pergunakanlah format format audio tersebut sesuai dengan kebutuhan kalian dan ingat juga, apakah format tersebut compatible dengan perangkat anda.

72 thoughts on “Macam macam format audio dan penjelasannya

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    Hi there would you mind stating which blog platform you’re using? I’m looking to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a hard time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique. P.S My apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

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